Title 3 - Parties
RAP 3.1: WHO MAY SEEK REVIEW
Only an aggrieved party may seek review by the appellate court.
RAP 3.2: SUBSTITUTION OF PARTIES
(a) Substitution Generally. The appellate court will substitute parties to a review when it appears that a party is deceased or legally incompetent or that the interest of a party in the subject matter of the review has been transferred.
(b) Duty To Move for Substitution. A party with knowledge of the death or declared legal disability of a party to review, or knowledge of the transfer of a party's interest in the subject matter of the review, shall promptly move for substitution of parties. The motion and all other documents must be served on all parties and on the personal representative or successor in interest of a party, within the time and in the manner provided for service on a party. If a party fails to promptly move for substitution, the personal representative of a deceased or legally disabled party, or the successor in interest of a party, should promptly move for substitution of parties.
(c) Where To Make Motion. The motion to substitute parties must be made in the appellate court if the motion is made after the notice of appeal was filed or discretionary review was granted. In other cases, the motion should be made in the trial court.
(d) Procedure Pending Substitution. A party, a successor in interest of a party, a personal representative of a deceased or legally disabled party, or an attorney of record for a deceased or legally disabled party who has no personal representative, may without waiting for substitution file (1) a notice of appeal, (2) a notice for discretionary review, (3) a motion for reconsideration, (4) a petition for review, and (5) a motion for discretionary review of a decision of a trial court or the Court of Appeals.
(e) Time Limits. The time reasonably necessary to accomplish substitution of parties is excluded from computations of time made to determine whether the following have been timely filed: (1) a notice of appeal, (2) a notice for discretionary review, (3) a motion for reconsideration, (4) a petition for review, and (5) a motion for discretionary review of a decision of a trial court or the Court of Appeals.
(f) Public Officer. If a public officer is a party to a proceeding in the appellate court and during its pendency dies, resigns, or otherwise ceases to hold office, a party or the new public officer may move for substitution of the successor as provided in this rule.
RAP 3.3: CONSOLIDATION OF CASES
(a) Cases Tried Together. If two or more cases have been tried together or consolidated for trial, the cases are consolidated for the purpose of review unless the appellate court otherwise directs.
(b) Cases Consolidated in Appellate Court. The appellate court, on its own initiative or on motion of a party, may order the consolidation of cases or the separation of cases for the purpose of review. A party should move to consolidate two or more cases if consolidation would save time and expense and provide for a fair review of the cases. If two or more cases have been consolidated for review in the Court of Appeals, the cases remain consolidated for review in the Supreme Court unless the Supreme Court otherwise directs.
RAP 3.4: TITLE OF ASE AND DESIGNATION OF PARTIES
The title of a case in the appellate court is the same as in the trial court except that the party seeking review by appeal is called an "appellant," the party seeking review by discretionary review is called a "petitioner," and an adverse party on review is called a "respondent."
Upon motion of a party or on the court's own motion, and after notice to the parties, the Supreme Court or the Court of Appeals may change the title of a case by order in said case.
[Adopted amended effective September 1, 2005]